Most Common Irregular Verbs

 
  1. First conjugation verbs with stems ending in a consonant: ,
Present Tense
 Infinitive form     - to live     -  to write

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

Past Tense

 masculine -

 feminine -

 neuter -

 plural -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

Imperfective Future Tense

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 Notes
  • and have infinitive stems different from present tense stems: - ; - .
  • The vowel is used instead of - after a consonant. Compare: -, but  -, -.
  • The vowel is replaced with if the ending is stressed. Compare: -, but -.
  • Past tense is always formed from the infinitive stem.
2. The -- (--) Stem Verbs: ,
Present Tense
 Infinitive form     - to draw     -  to dance

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

   -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

   - 

 -

 -

 - 

 - 

 -

Past Tense

 masculine -

 feminine -

 neuter -

 plural -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

Imperfective Future Tense

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

 

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 Notes
  • All -- (--) stem verbs are first conjugation verbs.
  • The -- (--) stem verbs have the suffix -- (--) replaced with the suffix -- in all present tense forms. Note that in the past tense and imperfective future there is no replacement of the suffix.
  • The group is productive and includes many words with foreign roots. For example: , , , , , , etc.
3. Second Conjugation Verbs with Consonant Alternation: , , ; , ,
Present Tense
 Alternation type    > (>, >)    >
 Infinitive form     - to love     - to see

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

   - 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

   - 

 -

 -

 - 

 - 

 -

Past Tense

 masculine -

 feminine -

 neuter -

 plural -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

Imperfective Future Tense

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

 

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 Notes
  • In the Present tense second conjugation verbs with consonant alternation have the first person singular ( - form) different from the infinitive and all other forms. The most common alternations are:
  • >, >, >, >. 

    Other consonant alternation types in first and second conjugation verbs are to be discussed at more advanced level of study.

  • Verbs - to buy and - to cook, prepare change the same way as the verb . They have the letter added to the stem in the first person singular: , and take the same endings as in all other forms. Note that has the same stress pattern as (stress shift occurs: - , ...), whereas has constant stress on the stem in all forms.
  •  Verbs - to sit and - to walk, to go change the same way as the verb . They have the letter replaced with in the first person singular: , and take the same endings as in all other forms. Note the stress pattern for each verb: - constant stress on the stem, - constant stress on the ending, - stress shift occurs: - , . For more details on different stress types see Present Tense Verbs section.
4. The irregular verb
Present Tense
 Infinitive form     - to want

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

   - 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

Past Tense

 masculine -

 feminine -

 neuter -

 plural -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

Imperfective Future Tense

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

 

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

   Notes
  • Present tense singular forms have first conjugation endings: , , , whereas present tense plural forms have second conjugation endings: , , .
  • Consonant alternation > occurs in the present tense singular forms.
  • Memorize the stress in all present tense forms.
  • Past tense is always formed from the infinitive stem.
 
5. The irregular verbs: and
Present Tense
 Infinitive form     - to eat     - to drink

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

   - 

 -

 -

 - 

 - 

 -

   - 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

Past Tense

 masculine -

 feminine -

 neuter -

 plural -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

Imperfective Future Tense

  - I

  - you 

 , - he,she

  - we

  - you

  - they

 

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 -  

 

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

 -

   Notes
  • All present and past tense forms of and should be memorized.
  • Note how stress changes in the present tense forms of and in the past tense forms of .
 

 


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