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Self study guide for elementary level learners of Russian
and for intermediate level students who wish to review basic grammar and vocabulary




Grammar Lesson 6

Asking What and Who? Nominative case. Asking Where? Prepositional case




Russian grammar and vocabulary. Unit 2
Grammar Lesson 5
Asking Whose in Russian? The Possessive Pronouns , , , ,
Grammar Lesson 6
Asking What and Who? Nominative case. Asking Where? Prepositional case
Phrasebook Topic 5
Family
Phrasebook Topic 6
At the Airport
Quiz 6
Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons 5-6 and Phrasebook Topics 5-6 with this 10 minute quiz.
Grammar Lesson 7
What is an Adjective? Nominative Case of Adjectives
Grammar Lesson 8
Demonstrative Pronouns and . Indeclinable vs. Demonstrative pronouns (, , )
Phrasebook Topic 7
Clothes
Phrasebook Topic 8
Learn numbers 1-20 in Russian
Quiz 7
Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons 7-8 and Phrasebook Topic 7 with this 10 minute quiz.
Test 2
Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons 5-8 and Phrasebook Topics 5-8.

                Asking What, Who and Where: Nominative and Prepositional Case

 
1. Asking What and Who? The Nominative case
  The Nominative case is the main form of nouns and their modifiers: adjectives and possessive pronouns. 

The Nominative is used for naming . Nouns in the Nominative case answer the questions like "What is this?", "Who is this?", "Who is he"?

Learn the following questions and answers. Click each dialogue to listen, then read it. Try to imitate the speaker's intonation.

1. - ?

    - .

1. - What is this?

    - This is my textbook.

2. - ?

    - .

2. - Who is this?

    - This is my friend.

 

3. - ?

    - .

 

3. - Who is he?

    - He is a student.

 

Notes

  • The interrogative pronoun (what) is used to ask about objects and things; (who) is used to ask about people and animals.
  • In a dictionary all nouns, adjectives and possessive pronouns are given in the Nominative case.
  • All other cases are formed from the Nominative.
2. Asking Where? The Prepositional case
The Prepositional case of a noun with the preposition - "in" is used to indicate location.
  Click the following statements to listen, then read them aloud. 

1. - ?

    - .

1. - Where is your textbook?

    - It is in the bag.

2. - ?

    - .

2. - Where is your friend?

     - He is in Mexico now.

3.   .

3.   My sister is in Russia.

 
The Prepositional case of nouns is formed from the Nominative case. 

Study the formation of the Prepositional Singular :

Hard stem nouns

Nominative -> Prepositional

Soft stem nouns

Nominative -> Prepositional

Translation of the nouns in 

the Prepositional case

Masculine 

->

->

in the city, in the museum  

->

in the dictionary  

->

in the cafeteria   

Feminine 

->

->

in the bag, in the song  

 

->

in the notebook  

->

in Russia  

Neuter 

->

->

in the letter, in the sea  

->

in the gun  

 

->

in the building  

Prepositional Singular endings:      - or -  

 

Notes
  • The basic Prepositional case ending for all singular nouns (hard and soft stem masculine, feminine and neuter) is -.
  • Feminine nouns ending in - in the Nominative take the ending - in the Prepositional case.
  • Nouns ending in - (masculine), in - (feminine ), and in - (neuter) in the Nominative also take the ending - in the Prepositional case.
Study the formation of the Prepositional Plural:

Hard stem nouns

Nominative -> Prepositional

Soft stem nouns

Nominative -> Prepositional

Plural 

->

->

->

->

->

->

->

->

->

->

->

Prepositional Plural endings:         - or - 

Notes
  • The Prepositional case ending for hard stem nouns in the plural is -
  • The Prepositional case ending for soft stem nouns in the plural is -.
  •  

  • When you form the Prepositional case (singular or plural), drop the final -, -, -, -, -, -, - from the Nominative case form and add the appropriate Prepositional case ending: -> , ; -> , ; -> , -> , etc
  • Since hard stem masculine nouns (the nouns that end in a consonant other than -) have zero ending (-Ø), you "drop zero" or simply add the Prepositional case ending: -> , .
Exercises  
Form the Prepositional singular of nouns
Form the Prepositional plural of nouns
Multicultural quiz
Find the appropriate answer

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