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Grammar Lesson 21

The Prepositional Case of Possessive and Demonstrative Pronouns. Uses. Singular and Plural Forms




Russian grammar and vocabulary. Unit 5
Grammar Lesson 18
Irregular Plurals of Nouns
Grammar Lesson 19
The -- Stem Verbs. The verb - to love
Phrasebook Topic 15
Countries and Nationalities
Quiz 12
Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons 18-19 and Phrasebook Topics 15 with this 15 minute quiz.
Grammar Lesson 20
The Prepositional Case of Adjectives. Uses and Forms
Grammar Lesson 21
The Prepositional Case of Possessive and Demonstrative Pronouns. Uses. Singular and Plural Forms
Phrasebook Topic 16
About My Friends
Quiz 13
Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons 20-21 and Phrasebook Topics 16 with this 15 minute quiz.
Test 5
Check what you have learned from Grammar Lessons 18-21 and Phrasebook Topics 15-16.

               The Prepositional Case of Possessive and Demonstrative Pronouns 

 
1. The Prepositional Case of Possessive and Demonstrative Pronouns (Singular and Plural Forms)
In Russian Possessive and Demonstrative pronouns grammatically function as adjectives: they also agree with the noun they modify in gender, number and case
Click each of the following statements to listen, then read them aloud. 
Nom.

  .

 This is my house.

Prep.

  .

  I am talking about my house.

Nom.

  .

 This is our teacher.
Prep.

  .

  We are talking about our teacher.
Nom.

  . 

 This is a new book.

Prep.

  .

 They are talking about a new book.

Prep.

  .

 I've heard a lot about this book.

Study the Prepositional case forms of the possessive and demonstrative pronouns:
Nominative case Prepositional case (with prepositions , , )
Masculine
? , , ,

,

? , , , ,

,

Feminine
? , , ,

,

? , , , ,

,

Neuter
? , , ,

,

? , , , ,

,

Plural
? , , ,

,

? , , , ,

,

Endings:    -(-), -;      -, -;       -, -
Notes (The Endings Analysis)
  • Possessive and Demonstrative Pronouns grammatically function as adjectives and have adjectival endings for the Prepositional case: -, - for masculine and neuter , -, - for feminine, and - for plural forms.
  • The endings - and - are spelled after a hard consonant. 
  • Examples: - about this house, 

                           - in this book. 

                          

  • The endings - and - are spelled after (the letter mentioned in the 5-letter spelling rule). 
  • Examples: - about your instructor,

                           - about your sister.

                           

  • Prepositional masculine and neuter forms of these pronouns have the ending - and feminine forms have the ending - after and .
  • Examples: - in my house,       

                           - about your letter,

                          - about whose sister, 

                          - about your sister.

                           

  • Prepositional plural forms of these pronouns have the ending -. The only exception is .
  • Examples: - about these books, 

                           - in your letters,

                          - about your children

                          - in those houses

                       

2. The Prepositional Case of Nouns and Modifiers: Summary
 
  • The Prepositional case of a noun with the prepositions (), - "in, on, at" is used to indicate location (i.e. to answer the question ? - Where?), with the preposition () - "about" is used to denote the object of speech or thought (i.e. to answer the question ? ? - About who(m)? About what?). The Prepositional case endings for singular nouns (masculine, feminine and neuter) are - and -, for plural nouns: - and -. 
  • Examples: , , , , ; , , , .

     

  • Nouns' modifiers (adjectives, possessive and demonstrative pronouns) agree with the noun they describe in gender, number and case. If a noun used in the Prepositional case has a modifier, the modifier must also be in the Prepositional case. The Prepositional case endings for masculine and neuter modifiers are: -(-), -, feminine modifiers: -, , plural: -, -
  • Examples: , , , ; , , , .

Compare the following Nominative and Prepositional case phrases. Memorize them:
 

 

Nominative case Prepositional case  Translation (Prep. case)
? ? ? ? ?   About who? About what? Where?
Masculine and Neuter

  about my new Russian friend

  about my new Russian dress

Feminine
  about my new Russian book
Plural
  about my new Russian friends
 
Exercises  
Practice using possessive and demonstrative pronouns in the Prepositional case
Practice using different modifiers in the Prepositional case

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