Russian For Everyone Learn Russian Language Online

Self study guide for elementary level learners of Russian
and for intermediate level students who wish to review basic grammar and vocabulary




Introductory Lesson 10

Pronunciation of , , and




Introduction. Russian letters and sound system
Russian alphabet
Sounds, handwriting, keyboard
Introductory Lesson 1
Reading syllables. Translating This is..., Here is...
Introductory Lesson 2
Reading syllables. Conjunctions and
Introductory Lesson 3
Learn Russian hushing and velar sounds. Stress and vowel reduction (, )
Quiz 1
Check what you have learned from Lessons 1-3 with this 10 minute quiz.
Introductory Lesson 4
Letters ,,,
Introductory Lesson 5
Learn Russian 7-letter spelling rule
Introductory Lesson 6
Learn Russian Hard and Soft onsonants. Vowel reduction (, )
Quiz 2
Check what you have learned from Lessons 4-6 with this 15 minute quiz.
Introductory Lesson 7
Letters and . Pronunciation of , , , . Letters , ,
Introductory Lesson 8
Unpaired hard and soft consonants. The soft consonant
Quiz 3
Check what you have learned from Lessons 7-8 with this 15 minute quiz.
Introductory Lesson 9
Voiced and Voiceless Consonants. Devoicing of Final Consonants. Consonant Clusters
Introductory Lesson 10
Pronunciation of , , and
Phrasebook Topic 1
Learn how to greet people and say goodbye in Russian
Phrasebook Topic 2
Introducing Yourself in Russian
Quiz 4
Check what you have learned from Lessons 7-8 with this 10 minute quiz.

                                                Lesson 10 - 10

 
10.1. How the consonant is pronounced in different words
Pronunciation of some Russian words and combinations of letters are to be memorized.
  • In a few words the letter is pronounced []. For example, the possessive pronoun his is spelled but pronounced []; the word today  is spelled but pronounced ['']; the genitive case adjectival endings are spelled -, - but pronounced [-], [-/-]. 
  • In a root is pronounced []. For example, men's name sounds [] ( and are rare exceptions, they are to be memorized).
 

 

Click the sentences to listen, then read them aloud. Note how -, - combinations are pronounced when they are adjectival endings, in the possessive pronoun (his)  and in the name (George).

1. - ?

1. -  What is your Russian friend's name?

    - .

    -  His name is Yegor.

10.2. How the consonant is pronounced in different words
  • In a few words the letter is pronounced []. The common ones are: (what), (in order to), (of course, sure),
 

Click the following words to listen, then read them aloud. Note how sounds in these words. Memorize the words.

what

in order to

 

boring 

of course, sure

10.3. How the combinations and are pronounced

 

  • The combinations and can be seen only in some verbs endings and both are pronounced []. For example, (to study at), (he is a student at), (to meet).

Click the words to listen, then read them aloud.

to study at

he is a  university student

!

Nice to meet you!

* The difference between and is grammatical, and you will learn about it in the Grammar section.

 


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