Russian For Everyone Learn Russian Language Online

Self study guide for elementary level learners of Russian
and for intermediate level students who wish to review basic grammar and vocabulary




Introductory Lesson 4

Letters ,,,




Introduction. Russian letters and sound system
Russian alphabet
Sounds, handwriting, keyboard
Introductory Lesson 1
Reading syllables. Translating This is..., Here is...
Introductory Lesson 2
Reading syllables. Conjunctions and
Introductory Lesson 3
Learn Russian hushing and velar sounds. Stress and vowel reduction (, )
Quiz 1
Check what you have learned from Lessons 1-3 with this 10 minute quiz.
Introductory Lesson 4
Letters ,,,
Introductory Lesson 5
Learn Russian 7-letter spelling rule
Introductory Lesson 6
Learn Russian Hard and Soft onsonants. Vowel reduction (, )
Quiz 2
Check what you have learned from Lessons 4-6 with this 15 minute quiz.
Introductory Lesson 7
Letters and . Pronunciation of , , , . Letters , ,
Introductory Lesson 8
Unpaired hard and soft consonants. The soft consonant
Quiz 3
Check what you have learned from Lessons 7-8 with this 15 minute quiz.
Introductory Lesson 9
Voiced and Voiceless Consonants. Devoicing of Final Consonants. Consonant Clusters
Introductory Lesson 10
Pronunciation of , , and
Phrasebook Topic 1
Learn how to greet people and say goodbye in Russian
Phrasebook Topic 2
Introducing Yourself in Russian
Quiz 4
Check what you have learned from Lessons 7-8 with this 10 minute quiz.

                                                              Lesson 4 - 4

 
4.1. Letters and  
Practice reading combinations of consonants and vowels. 
Click each combination to listen, then click again and say it with me. 

The letter is very rarely spelled as the first letter in the word, but  is often spelled in the ending or in the middle of a word. The letters and are discussed in more detail in 8.

Practice reading words with consonants and . Click each word to listen, then repeat.

heron

egg

cent

tea

my

copeck

4.2. Letters and

Pay attention to the pronunciation of the vowels and . Note that sounds like [ i ] in ill,  whereas sounds like [ee] in meet.  The letter never occurs as the first letter in the word, therefore it is never capitalized.

Click the syllable to listen, then click again and say it with me.  Do the whole upper line (with ) first then go to the lower one (with ).

Practice reading the pairs of syllables. Listen and repeat. Make sure that two syllables in each pair sound differently.

   <->

   <->

   <->

   <->

   <->

Practice reading words with vowels and . Click each word to listen, try to hear the difference between and sounds, then repeat the pair of words.

soap

Mila

pumpkin

subtitles

went out

Victor

cheese

taxi

fish

rice

he was

he beat

skier

leaf, sheet

 

Practice reading some Russian sentences aloud.  Click each sentence to listen, then repeat, imitating the pronunciation you hear.

1. , .

 

2. , .

 

Reading 
Practice reading some Russian words aloud. Do not forget about vowel reduction rules.
, , , , , , , , , , , .

 

Practice reading some Russian sentences aloud.
. , .

 

Exercises  
Practice identifying syllables with vowels and .

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